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EMI was the label of UK company EMI Records Ltd., also known as EMI Records. After a hiatus, EMI was relaunched as a label by Universal Music Group in 2020. Label Code: LC 0542 / LC 00542. EMI did not exist as a label until late January 1973 (the exception being a few Indian releases around 1969 and 60s Australian test-pressings related to EMI Studios Sydney). It should not be added as a label to any release before that date, aside from those Indian releases. Furthermore it should not be added as a label on any release with a primary branded label such as His Master's Voice, Columbia, Pathé, Parlophone, Capitol Records, etc., as the boxed EMI logo that appears with the primary label simply implies that the label formed part of the EMI Group (please do not confuse with EMI Group Plc), not that EMI was a label. In these cases, it is permitted to add EMI as a Record Company (discussion / more discussion) as it was the corporate logo of the parent companies Electric & Musical Industries Ltd. / EMI Ltd. (EMI) and was not intended as a label.
From 1996 until September 2012 the ultimate parent company / owner of all the EMI labels and companies was EMI Group Ltd. (EMI Group Plc.)
After that date Universal Music Group now owns large parts of the former EMI Group, with the former EMI Records Ltd. (which includes most EMI UK & Europe operations) being renamed as Parlophone Records Ltd. and being sold off to the Warner Music Group.
EMI was a major label and had a lot of sub and sister labels which also carry the EMI logo and manage its huge amount of releases all over the world.
The EMI country codes: In 1969 a new international system was introduced for EMI catalogue numbers. A five-digit prefix was added to the five-digit record number, separated by a hyphen. The first number and letter are a code for the country the record was made in or for. This usually corresponds with the country field on Discogs. Please enter this catalogue number against whichever label is branded on the release.
(C = Country, E = Europe, M = Music For Pleasure) )
OC = UK 0C = UK 1A = Netherlands 1C = Germany 1M = Germany (for Music For Pleasure) 1E = UK 1J = Spain 2C = France 2M = France (for Music For Pleasure) 2S = France (for Sonopresse) 2E = Austria 2J = Greece 3C = Italy 3E = Switzerland 4B = Belgium (for Best Seller releases) 4C = Belgium 4M = Belgium (for Music For Pleasure) 4E = Sweden 5C = Netherlands 5D = Netherlands (for Sunset 2 Super Pack releases) 5N = Netherlands (for Negram releases) 5E = Finland 6C = Denmark 6E = Denmark 7C = Sweden 7E = Norway 8C = Norway 8E = Portugal 9C = Finland 10C = Spain 11C = Portugal 12C = Austria 13C = Switzerland 14C = Greece 16C = Australia (unused on releases) 17C = New Zealand (unused on releases) 31C = Brazil 32C = Chile 33C = Mexico 82C = South Africa
For unofficial releases which use the EMI-logo and/or claim to be an EMI-release please use this label: EMI (2)!
Please ask in the forums if you are in doubt.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries, also referred to as EMI Records Ltd. or simply EMI) was a British transnational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London. At the time of its break-up in 2012, it was the fourth largest business group and record label conglomerate in the music industry, and was one of the "Big Four" record companies (now the "Big Three"). Its labels included EMI Records, Parlophone, Virgin Records, and Capitol Records, which are now owned by other companies. EMI was listed on the London Stock Exchange, and was also once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but faced financial problems and US$4 billion in debt, leading to its acquisition by Citigroup in February 2011. Citigroup's ownership was temporary, as EMI announced in November 2011 that it would sell its music arm to Vivendi's Universal Music Group for $1.9 billion and its publishing business to a Sony/ATV consortium for around $2.2 billion. Other members of the Sony consortium include the estate of Michael Jackson, the Blackstone Group, and the Abu Dhabi-owned Mubadala Development Company. EMI's locations in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada were all disassembled to repay debt, but the primary head office located outside those countries is still functional.EMI is now owned by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, the music publishing division of Sony Music which bought another 70% stake in EMI Music Publishing.